Housing Market Update: Home Prices Post Small Increase As Mortgage-Rate Drop Attracts Buyers
By: Dana Anderson
An increase in home searches and tours at the end of 2022 is starting to translate into purchases as mortgage rates fall. Mortgage applications are up 25% and the slowdown in pending sales is easing.
The median U.S. home-sale price increased 0.9% from a year earlier to $350,250 during the four weeks ending January 15, the biggest increase in a month.
Prices remain elevated because buyer activity has started to pick up as mortgage rates decline due to slowing inflation. Average mortgage rates dropped to 6.15% during the week ending January 19, their lowest level since September. Pending home sales fell 29% year over year–a significant decline, but the first sub-30% drop in three months. Mortgage-purchase applications rose 25% from the week before during the week ending January 13, a jump that’s likely to lead to more pending sales in the coming months.
As demand inches back, some homeowners are less reluctant to sell. New listings of homes for sale fell 20% year over year during the four weeks ending January 15–but that’s the smallest decline in two months.
“The people who started browsing homes online and scheduling house tours at the end of 2022 are now turning into actual homebuyers,” said Redfin Deputy Chief Economist Taylor Marr. “Low competition, falling mortgage rates and seller concessions are bringing some buyers back to the market. That’s helping keep national home prices afloat, which is one bright spot for sellers. But many buyers are still sitting on the sidelines and demand could dip back down if inflation declines slower than expected or mortgage rates rise again.”
Home prices fell from a year earlier in 18 of the 50 most populous U.S. metros
Home-sale prices fell year over year in 18 of the 50 most populous U.S. metros during the four weeks ending January 15. By comparison, 20 metros saw a price decline during the prior four-week period and 11 metros saw price declines a month earlier.
Prices fell 10.1% year over year in San Francisco, 6.7% in San Jose, 5.5% in Austin, 4.3% in Detroit, 3.8% in Seattle, 3.7% in Phoenix, 3.4% in Sacramento, 3.1% in San Diego, 2.8% in Anaheim, CA, 2.5% in Chicago, 2.4% in Los Angeles, 2.3% in Oakland, CA and 2.2% in Boston. They fell less than 2% in Riverside, CA, Portland, OR, New York, Newark, NJ, and Las Vegas.
Leading indicators of homebuying activity:
For the week ending January 19, 30-year mortgage rates dropped to 6.15%. The daily average was 6.04% on January 18.
Mortgage-purchase applications during the week ending January 13 jumped 25% from a week earlier, seasonally adjusted. Purchase applications were down 35% from a year earlier.
Google searches for “homes for sale” were up about 30% from their November low during the week ending January 14, but down about 26% from a year earlier.
This week’s report excludes the Redfin Homebuyer Demand Index due to a data-collection issue. It will be back next week.
Key housing market takeaways for 400+ U.S. metro areas:
Unless otherwise noted, the data in this report covers the four-week period ending January 15. Redfin’s weekly housing market data goes back through 2015.
Data based on homes listed and/or sold during the period:
The median home sale price was $350,000, up 0.9% year over year, the biggest gain in a month.
The median asking price of newly listed homes was $357,200, up 3.9% year over year, the biggest increase in two months.
The monthly mortgage payment on the median-asking-price home was $2,262 at the current 6.15% mortgage rate. That’s unchanged from a week earlier and down $245 from the October peak. Monthly mortgage payments are up 30% from a year ago.
Pending home sales were down 29.1% year over year. That’s the first sub-30% drop in three months.
Among the 50 most populous U.S. metros, pending sales fell most in Las Vegas (-63% YoY), Phoenix (-56.3%), Austin (-53.7%), Nashville (-52.9%) and Jacksonville, FL (-52.4%).
Though they fell in all 50, they declined least in Chicago (-12.8%), Pittsburgh (-20.1%), San Francisco (-23.2%), Boston (-24.4%) and Cleveland (-25%).
New listings of homes for sale fell 20% year over year.
Active listings (the number of homes listed for sale at any point during the period) were up 21.8% from a year earlier, the biggest annual increase since at least 2015.
Months of supply—a measure of the balance between supply and demand, calculated by dividing the number of active listings by closed sales—was 4 months, up from 3.7 months a week earlier and 2 months a year earlier.
29% of homes that went under contract had an accepted offer within the first two weeks on the market, up slightly from the week before but down from 36% a year earlier.
Homes that sold were on the market for a median of 45 days. That’s up two weeks from 31 days a year earlier and the record low of 18 days set in May.
21% of homes sold above their final list price, down from 40% a year earlier and the lowest level since March 2020.
On average, 4.3% of homes for sale each week had a price drop, up slightly from a week earlier but down from 5.3% a month earlier.
The average sale-to-list price ratio, which measures how close homes are selling to their final asking prices, fell to 97.9% from 100.1% a year earlier. That’s the lowest level since March 2020.
Refer to our metrics definition page for explanations of all the metrics used in this report.